This is an introduction that I have written, I would like to shorten it as well as fix any grammatical errors it contains. Also if you have any suggestions please give/advice me? I’ll highly appreciate your help!!!
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Hypothesis: The soluble organic, Charlie Carp fertilizer would encourage more and higher basil leaf growth than the inorganic soluble Thrive fertilizer.
Fertilizer is a natural or synthetic substance containing the essential chemical elements that the plant doesn’t produce in the process of photosynthesis. These improve growth and productiveness of plants. Fertilizers enhance the natural fertility of the soil to support plant growth or replace the chemical elements taken from the soil by previous crops. There are two types of fertilizers: organic and inorganic.
Organic fertilizer is the product of the natural decomposition of plant and animal waste. One of its main advantages is its capability to improve the soil structure, or tilth, and increases its ability to hold both water and nutrients. It also provides a healthier plant growth since it provides nutrients in very slow release rates that doesn’t cause an oversupply of these materials. However, organic fertilizers are not immediately available to plants, for example, if it was applied to the soil in spring, it might not be broken down by soil bacteria until mid summer when the bacterial action increases. In addition the amount of nutrients and the exact type of elements supplied to the plant can only be guessed.
Basil is one of the most aromatic and recognisable herbs. It is very sensitive to cold and grows best in full sun or semi-shade and a warm, moderately rich soil. Basil tends to like a variety of fertilizers, but it performs best with organic (slow-release) fertilizers this is because fast-release or artificial fertilizers give it an undesirable flush of growth that may not greatly sustain its growth as with the organic fertilizer. It has a height range of 30-60cm.
Photosynthesis: It is the process by which plants and other photoautotrophs use carbon dioxide, water and the captured sunlight energy to produce sugar (carbohydrates) and oxygen. In photosynthesis, carbon dioxide enters through open stomata (which is situated under the leaf) by diffusion while the water is absorbed from the roots.
There are sixteen different chemical elements that are important to a plant’s growth and survival as they provide nutritious substances These elements are divided into two main groups: non-mineral and mineral elements.
The non-mineral nutrients include, Hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), & carbon (C). The other thirteen soluble mineral nutrients are broken down into two subgroups: macronutrients and micronutrients.
Macronutrients are also divided into two groups: Primary and secondary nutrients.
The primary nutrients are: nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). These major nutrients are usually lacking from the soil first because plants use large amounts of them for their growth and survival in contrast to the secondary nutrients: calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and sulfur (S) which are usually present in the soil.
Each one of these elements has a particular job in building and maintaining plant growth.
Nitrogen is necessary element to all proteins, enzymes and metabolic processes involved in the synthesis and transfer of energy. It also improves the quality of leaf and forage crops as it is a part of chlorophyll, the green pigment that is responsible for plant photosynthesis. While phosphorus helps with the transformation of solar energy into chemical energy as well as proper plant maturation; withstanding stress. Phosphorus also effects rapid growth and encourages blooming and root growth. In addition, Potassium helps in the building of protein, photosynthesis, fruit quality and reduction of diseases.
Micronutrients are very essential elements for plant growth as well. They are needed in only very small (micro) quantities.
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